Many injuries can be traced back to a single incident that brought it on. Many others are cumulative and are difficult to lay the blame on any one thing or moment. In either case injury is typically a result of, or results in physical weakness. With that in mind, we need to make certain our rehabilitative measures are well thought out and deliberate. Since I have not the space or time to address the specifics of each conceivable injury, what follows is a principle, applicable to every injury.
Always make certain that during your recovery you are moderating your activity to suit your weaknesses, avoid compensating to accommodate task completion. In short, we are so task oriented that we want to perform what has to be done almost at all costs. Instead, we should be concentrating on our method of completion more than just getting it done. For example, if your foot hurts don't limp--that would be compensation; instead, shorten your stride so you are working within the limits of the injury--that would be moderation. Of course you still have to challenge the injury to promote improvement, but it puts you in charge of the stimulus. Otherwise you are at the mercy of your task which frequently demands more stimulus than can be adapted to and prolongs the injury, and in many cases worsens it.
So moderate, don't compensate. Make the deliberate trade.